Water shortage is a pressing issue worldwide: According to the UN, 1.2 billion people (almost one-fifth of the world’s population) live in areas where water is scarce, and another 500 million people are nearing this situation.
Scarcity of water has always been the dominant factor in agriculture throughout most of the arid Middle East, with its population relying on scanty and erratic seasonal rains or on rivers for their water supply. That is why Israel had no choice but to develop useful solutions for its water needs.
The climate of present-day Israel is strongly affected by the proximity of the desert to the south and east. Most of Israel's territory is classed as arid (60%) or semi-arid. Rain falls only in the winter, mainly between November and March. This fact does not stop Israel from excelling in agriculture, overcoming its disadvantages, on the contrary. Israel is responsible for some of the best solutions when it comes to water management and irrigation, such as the drip irrigation systems that were invented there.
MASHAV, Israel’s International Development Cooperation agency, under the ministry of Foreign Affairs, has been working with FDRE Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, SMIS project and the Dutch embassy in order to develop Ethiopia’s irrigation sector. By conducting Survey missions training courses, MASHAV is introducing new technologies and best practices to the Ethiopian farmers.
In August a survey mission was initiated to support the ATVET Centers around the country. Two Israeli MASHAV Experts Mr. Shlomo Kremer and Dr. Mollie Sacks from Israel visited ATVET centres chosen as Centers of Excellence for Ethiopia. These were Alage ATVET Center under the federal supervision, as well as ATVET centres in Combolcha (Amhara region), Wukiro (Tigray), Wolaita Sodo (SNNP) and Combolcha (Oromia).